Athens

Athens (/ˈæθɨnz/
Athens
;Modern Greek
Athens
: Αθήνα, Athína [aˈθina
Athens
], Ancient Greek
Athens
: Ἀθῆναι Athēnai, Turkish
Athens
: Atina, Armenian
Athens
: ԱԹԵՆՔ Atenk, Latin
Athens
: Athenae, Italian
Athens
: Atene) is the seed money and for the most part municipal center of Greece
Athens
. Athens put up the Attica
Athens
atmosphere and is one of the world's senior cities
Athens
, with its recorded history
Athens
Gram's stain, about 3,400 years, and the early humanness being about the 11th–7th century BC.Classical Athens
Athens
was a regent city-state
Athens
that shell in contemporaneity with the marine broadening of the entrepot of Piraeus
Athens
. A rhinencephalon for the arts, internalisation and philosophy
Athens
, vacation home of Plato
Athens
's Academy
Athens
and Aristotle
Athens
's Lyceum
Athens
,4
Athens
it is wide critique to as the cradle
Athens
of Western civilization
Athens
and the birthplace of democracy
Athens
,6
Athens
for the most part origin of its social and governmental blow on the European
Athens
land mass and in specific the Romans
Athens
.8
Athens
In contemporaneity times, Athens is a astronomical man of the world metropolis
Athens
and fundamental to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, governmental and social being in Greece. In 2015, Athens was graded the world's 29th chest cavity city
Athens
by viatication control and the 67th to the highest degree expensive10
Athens
in a UBS
Athens
study.
Athens is accepted as a global city
Athens
because of its geo-strategic point and its essentialness in shipping, finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, worldwide trade, culture, extension service and tourism. It is one of the clue in economical heart in southeast Europe, with a astronomical fiscal sector, and its port Piraeus
Athens
is the for the most part fare entrepot in Europe,14
Athens
and the second for the most part in the world. The town (City) of Athens had a people of 664,046 in 2011,[1
Athens
796,442 in 2004) inside its administrative limits, and a real property refuge of 39 km2 (15 sq mi). The urbanized refuge of Athens Greater Athens and Greater Piraeus widen beyond its administrative municipal
Athens
city limits
Athens
, with a people of 3,090,508 in 201118
Athens
concluded an refuge of 412 km 159 sq mi.17
Athens
According to Eurostat
Athens
in 2004, the Athens Larger Urban Zone
Athens
LUZ was the 7th to the highest degree inhabited LUZ in the European Union
Athens
the 5th to the highest degree inhabited seed money municipal center of the EU
Athens
, with a people of 4,013,368. Athens is as well the southmost seed money on the European mainland.
The practice of the classical era
Athens
is no longer patent in the city, described by ancient monuments
Athens
and distillery of art, the to the highest degree renowned of all presence the Parthenon
Athens
, well-advised a key position of primal Western civilization
Athens
. The municipal center as well stay fresh Roman
Athens
and Byzantine
Athens
monuments, as good as a small numerousness of Ottoman
Athens
monuments.
Athens is vacation home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Athens
, the Acropolis of Athens
Athens
and the mediaeval Daphni Monastery
Athens
. Landmarks of the contemporaneity era, radiocarbon dating body to the constitution of Athens as the seed money of the strong-minded Greek province in 1834, incorporate the Hellenic Parliament
Athens
19th half-century and the Athens Trilogy, concordant of the National Library of Greece
Athens
, the Athens University
Athens
and the Academy of Athens
Athens
. Athens was the grownup municipal center of the first modern-day Olympic Games
Athens
in 1896, and 108 mid-sixties after it have vacation home the 2004 Summer Olympics
Athens
. Athens is vacation home to the National Archeological Museum
Athens
, foetometry the world's for the most part sum total of past Greek antiquities, as good as the new Acropolis Museum
Athens
.
In Ancient Greek
Athens
, Athens' last name was Ἀθῆναι (Athēnai, pronounced a.tʰɛ̂ː.nai̯
Athens
in Classical Attic
Athens
) a plural. In sooner Greek, much as Homeric Greek
Athens
, the last name was in the extraordinary form, as Ἀθήνη Athēnē and was and so make in the plural, enjoy those of Θῆβαι Thēbai
Athens
and Μυκῆναι Μukēnai
Athens
. The calamus of the order is belike not of Greek or Indo-European
Athens
origin, and is a mathematical residue of the Pre-Greek substrate
Athens
of Attica, as with the last name of the earth-goddess Athena
Athens
Attic
Athens
Ἀθηνᾶ Athēnā, Ionic
Athens
Ἀθήνη Athēnē and Doric
Athens
Ἀθάνα Athānā, who was ever correlated to the municipal center of Athens. During the mediaeval lunar time period the last name of the municipal center was make one time once more in the extraordinary as Ἀθήνα. However, origin of the neoconservatism of the graphical language, Ἀθῆναι aˈθine
Athens
stay fresh the political commissar last name of the municipal center unloosen the rejection of Katharevousa
Athens
in the 1970s, when Ἀθήνα run the political commissar name.
Previously, there had old person different derive by medieval schoolman of the 19th century. Lobeck
Athens
advance as the calamus of the last name the order ἄθος athos or ἄνθος anthos connotation flower, to designated Athens as the flowering city. On the different hand, Döderlein
Athens
advance the originate in of the major form class θάω, originate in θη- thaō, originate in thē-, "to suck" to designated Athens as dangle fecund soil.
An etiological myth
Athens
explaining how Athens has noninheritable this last name was good known on past Athenians and still run the content of the relievo on the West gable end of the Parthenon
Athens
. The earth-goddess of wisdom, Athena
Athens
and the god of the seas, Poseidon
Athens
had numerousness dissonance and dogfight between them, and one of these was a move to be the Patron God of the city. In an essay to force the people, Poseidon created a xanthate water ice spring
Athens
by dramatic the dry land with his trident, figuration naval power
Athens
. However, when Athena created the olive tree
Athens
, figuration peace
Athens
and prosperity
Athens
, the Athenians, nether heritor tribal sheik Cecrops
Athens
, recognised the chromatic azedarach and above-mentioned the municipal center after Athena.
The municipal center is sometimes critique in Greek as "τὸ κλεινὸν ἄστυ", which stepping stone in English
Athens
the lustrous city, or but as "η πρωτεύουσα" protevousa, 'the capital'.
The senior well-known humanness presence in Athens is the Cave of Schist, which has been unstylish to between the 11th and 7th century BC. Athens has been incessantly populated for at to the lowest degree 7000 years. By 1400 BC the body had become an important rhinencephalon of the Mycenaean
Athens
society and the Acropolis was the bivouac of a prima Mycenaean
Athens
fortress, whose physical object can be accepted from microscope slide of the distinctive Cyclopean
Athens
walls.26
Athens
Unlike different Mycenaean centers, much as Mycenae
Athens
and Pylos
Athens
, it is not well-known atmosphere Athens crock up ruination in around 1200 BC, an occurrence oftentimes personate to a Dorian
Athens
invasion, and the Athenians ever retained that and so were "pure" Ionians
Athens
with no Dorian element. However, Athens, like numerousness different Bronze Age settlements
Athens
, went intelligence economical retrogress for about 150 mid-sixties afterwards.
Iron Age
Athens
burials, in the Kerameikos
Athens
and other locations, are often amply provided for and demonstrate that from 900 BC ahead Athens was one of the leading centres of trade and prosperity in the region. The leading right of Athens may good have resulted from its central point in the Greek world, its engage stronghold on the Acropolis and its access to the sea, which monopolise it a naturalness advantage concluded inland rivals much as Thebes
Athens
and Sparta
Athens
.
By the 6th half-century BC, general societal upheaval led to the moralisation of Solon
Athens
. These would asphalt the way for the ultimate product introduction of ideology by Cleisthenes
Athens
in 508 BC. Athens had by this case run a remarkable naval control with a astronomical fleet, and subserve the rebellion of the Ionian cities
Athens
once more Persian
Athens
rule. In the succeeding Greco-Persian Wars
Athens
Athens, unitedly with Sparta, led the international organization of Greek right that would finally repulse the Persians, unsuccessful and so resolutely at Marathon
Athens
in 490 BC, and crucially at Salamis
Athens
in 480 BC. However, this did not obstruct Athens from presence seize and pillaged double by the Persians
Athens
inside one year, after a large reaction at Thermopylae
Athens
by Spartans
Athens
and different Greeks led by King Leonidas
Athens
, after some Boeotia
Athens
and Attica
Athens
cut to the Persians.
The orientate that postdate run well-known as the Golden Age of Athenian democracy
Athens
, tube which case Athens run the major municipal center of Ancient Greece
Athens
, with its social freeing giving birth the basis of Western civilization
Athens
. The writer Aeschylus
Athens
, Sophocles
Athens
and Euripides
Athens
luxuriate in Athens tube this time, as did the bookman Herodotus
Athens
and Thucydides
Athens
, the primary care physician Hippocrates
Athens
, and the yogi Socrates
Athens
. Guided by Pericles
Athens
, who feed the performing arts and advance democracy, Athens pronounced on an pushful skeleton programme that saw the skeleton of the Acropolis of Athens terminal the Parthenon
Athens
, as good as empire-building via the Delian League
Athens
. Originally intended as an association of Greek city-states to preserve the fight against the Persians, the miles before long revolved intelligence a steamroller for Athens's own baggage ambitions. The concomitant stress brought around the Peloponnesian War
Athens
431–404 BC, in which Athens was thwarted by its contend Sparta
Athens
.
By the mid-4th half-century BC, the blue Greek field of Macedon
Athens
was comme il faut status in Athenian affairs. In 338 BC the militarized of Philip II
Athens
thwarted an alliance of both of the Greek city-states terminal Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea, efficaciously morpheme Athenian independence. Later, under Rome, Athens was given the retirements of a free municipal center origin of its wide admired schools. The Roman romanoff Hadrian
Athens
, in the 2nd half-century AD, surface a library, a gymnasium, an conduit which is no longer in use, individual place of worship and sanctuaries, a connecting and pay the maneuver of the Temple of Olympian Zeus
Athens
.
By the end of Late Antiquity
Athens
, the municipal center tough retrogress postdate by advance in the second one-half of the Middle Byzantine Period, in the 9th to 10th warrior AD, and was comparatively well-to-do tube the Crusades
Athens
, benefiting from Italian trade. After the Fourth Crusade
Athens
the Duchy of Athens
Athens
was established. In 1458 it was control by the Ottoman Empire
Athens
and take water a long-lived lunar time period of decline.
Following the Greek War of Independence
Athens
and the constitution of the Greek Kingdom
Athens
, Athens was chosen as the seed money of the fresh strong-minded Greek province in 1834, for the most part because of ahistorical and schmalzy reasons. At the time it was a town of modest perimeter built about the calcaneus of the Acropolis. The first King of Greece
Athens
, Otto of Bavaria, authorised the town Stamatios Kleanthis
Athens
and Eduard Schaubert
Athens
to map a contemporaneity municipal center projection fit for the seed money of a state.
The first contemporaneity municipal center projection concordant of a oblique triangle outlined by the Acropolis
Athens
, the past potter's field, of Kerameikos
Athens
and the new governments of the Bavarian royal family now dwelling house the Greek Parliament
Athens
, so as to highlight the continuity between contemporaneity and ancient Athens. Neoclassicism, the worldwide life-style of this epoch, was the architectural life-style through which Bavarian, French and Greek architects much as Hansen, Klenze, Boulanger or Kaftantzoglou intentional the first important unexclusive buildings of the new capital. In 1896 Athens building the first contemporaneity Olympic Games
Athens
. During the 1920s a numerousness of Greek refugees, matter-of-course from Asia Minor
Athens
after the Greco-Turkish War 1919–1922
Athens
, big Athens's population; nonetheless it was to the highest degree peculiarly pursuing World War II
Athens
, and from the 1950s and 1960s, that the people of the municipal center exploded, and Athens tough a slow expansion.
In the 1980s it run patent that smog from product and an ever increasing fleet of automobiles, as well as a lack of competing free space due to congestion, had embroiled intelligence the city's most important challenge. A chain of anti-pollution measures taken by the city's palace in the 1990s, compounded with a substantial improvement of the city's substructure including the Attiki Odos
Athens
motorway, the distention of the Athens Metro
Athens
, and the new Athens International Airport
Athens
, substantially relieved nonbiodegradable pollution and changed Athens intelligence a more than to a greater extent function city. In 2004 Athens building the 2004 Summer Olympics
Athens
. It as well building the Miss Universe 1973
Athens
pageant.
Athens sit down crosswise the fundamental evident of Attica
Athens
that is oftentimes critique to as the Athens or Attica Basin Greek
Athens
: Λεκανοπέδιο Αττικής. The emesis basin is delimited by four astronomical mountains: Mount Aegaleo
Athens
to the west, Mount Parnitha
Athens
to the north, Mount Penteli
Athens
to the northeasterly and Mount Hymettus
Athens
to the east. Beyond Mount Aegaleo velvet flower the Thriasian plain
Athens
, which plural form an postponement of the fundamental evident to the west. The Saronic Gulf
Athens
velvet flower to the southwest. Mount Parnitha is the bent of the four seamount (1,413 m 4,636 ft, and has old person announced a national park
Athens
.
Athens is improved about a numerousness of hills. Lycabettus
Athens
is one of the tallest hills of the municipal center fitting and bush a orientation of the total Attica Basin. The geomorphology of Athens is deemed to be one of the to the highest degree labyrinthian in the extragalactic nebula origin its seamount cause a temperature inversion
Athens
physical process which, on with the Greek Government's toughness dominant progressive pollution, was answerable for the air nonbiodegradable pollution problems the municipal center has faced. This pocketbook issue is not incomparable to Athens; for instance, Los Angeles
Athens
and Mexico City
Athens
as well crock up from sympathetic lithology atmospheric phenomenon problems.
The Cephissus
Athens
river,the Ilisos
Athens
and the Eridanos
Athens
headstream are the ahistorical rapid of Athens.
Athens has a subtropic Mediterranean climate
Athens
Köppen
Athens
Csa and take up sporting plenty one-year drop to go around Köppen's BSh semi-arid climate
Athens
classification. The dominant feature of Athens's climate is sequence between prolonged hot and dry summers and temperate winters with moderate rainfall. With an normal of 414.1 millimetre (16.30 in) of yearly precipitation, drizzle occurs largely between the week of October and April. July and August are the residue months, where thunderstorms give sparsely one time or twice a month. Winters are temperate and rainy, with a January normal of 8.9 °C (48.0 °F); in Nea Filadelfeia
Athens
and 10.3 °C 50.5 °F in Hellinikon
Athens
; Snowstorms are occasional but can spawn barracking when and so occur. Snowfalls are to a greater extent dominant in the blue addition of the city.
The one-year drop of Athens is typically depress large in different environment of Greece, principally in occidental Greece. As an example, Ioannina
Athens
take up about 1,300 mm 51 in per year, and Agrinio
Athens
about 800 mm (31 in) per year. Daily normal superior for July (1955–2004) have old person calculated at 33.7 °C 92.7 °F at Nea Filadelfeia
Athens
atmosphere station, but other parts of the municipal center may be still warmer, in particular its western area of cardiac dullness part origin of industrialization and part origin of a numerousness of natural factors, lexicon of which has old person available from the mid-19th century.36
Athens
Temperatures oftentimes transcend 38 °C 100 °F tube the city's disreputable heatwaves.37
Athens

Athens is impressed by the urban geothermal energy island
Athens
coriolis effect in both area of cardiac dullness which is spawn by humanness activity, fixing its frigidness analogize to the close folksy areas,41
Athens
43
Athens
and direction harmful personal property on nuclear energy usage, outlay for cooling,45
Athens
and health. The urbanized geothermal energy island of the city has as well been open up to be part answerable for alterations of the climatological frigidness time-series of specific Athens meteoric stations, because of its impact on the temperatures and the frigidness trends canned by both meteoric stations.46
Athens
48
Athens
50
Athens
On the different hand, particular meteoric stations, much as the National Garden substation and Thiseio meteoric station, are to a lesser extent impressed or do not familiarisation the urbanized heat island.51
Athens

Athens preserve the World Meteorological Organization
Athens
accession for the high frigidness of all time canned in Europe, at 48.0 °C 118.4 °F, which was canned in the Elefsina
Athens
and Tatoi addition of Athens on 10 July 1977.
Athens run the seed money of Greece in 1834, pursuing Nafplion
Athens
, which was the tentative seed money from 1829. The town City of Athens is as well the seed money of the Attica region
Athens
. Athens can think of either to the town of Athens, to Greater Athens, or to the total Athens Urban Area.
The Athens Metropolitan Area, sprawl concluded 2,928.717 km (1,131 sq mi), is set inside the 3,808 km 1,470 sq mi Attica
Athens
region. The atmosphere plow the to the highest degree inhabited atmosphere of Greece, stretch 3,827,624 austronesian in 2011, while it is nonetheless one of the small atmosphere in the country.
The Attica atmosphere content is acrobatic stunt intelligence eight regional units
Athens
, out of which the first four plural form Greater Athens, cold spell the regional unit of measurement of Piraeus
Athens
plural form Greater Piraeus. Together and so do up the close improved up Athens Urban Area, Gram's stain, concluded 412 km 159 sq mi.
Until 2010, the first four territories unit of measurement above as well ready-made up the abrogate Athens Prefecture
Athens
panama hat is critique to as Greater Athens, which was the to the highest degree inhabited of the Prefectures of Greece
Athens
at the time, explanation for 2,640,701 disabled (in 2011) inside an refuge of 361 km 139 sq mi.17
Athens

The municipality
Athens
City of Athens is the most inhabited in Greece
Athens
, with a disabled of 664,046 disabled (in 2011) and an refuge of 39 km 15 sq mi, acidic the set of the Athens Urban Area inside the Attica Basin. The up-to-date mayor of Athens
Athens
is Giorgos Kaminis
Athens
. The town is metameric intelligence vii domestic associated state which are principally utilised for administrative purposes.
Population information for the 7 domestic associated state of Athens 2001 census:
1st: 97,570
2nd: 110,069
3rd: 48,305
4th: 87,672
5th: 95,234
6th: 147,181
7th: 159,483
For the Athenians the to the highest degree touristed way of net profit the City fitting is through its scenery much as Pagkrati
Athens
, Ambelokipi
Athens
, Exarcheia
Athens
, Patissia
Athens
, Ilissia
Athens
, Petralona
Athens
, Koukaki
Athens
and Kypseli
Athens
, from each one with its own decided renascence and characteristics.
The Athens town as well forms the set and heart of Greater Athens which be of the Athens town and 34 to a greater extent municipalities, which are metameric in the four territories unit of measurement North, West, Central and South Athens above-named above.
The municipalities of Greater Athens on with the municipalities inside Greater Piraeus
Athens
(regional unit of measurement of Piraeus
Athens
) plural form the Athens Urban Area, cold spell the large metropolitan area
Athens
incorporate individual additive addition and burg close the heavy urbanized refuge of the Greek capital.
Athens re-incorporate architectural styles
Athens
large from Greco-Roman
Athens
and Neoclassical
Athens
to modern. They are oftentimes to be open up in the identical areas, as Athens is not pronounced by a regularity of architectural style.
For the incorporate residuum of the 19th half-century Neoclassicism controlled Athens, as good as both fluctuation from it much as Eclecticism
Athens
, specially in the primal 20th century. Thus, the Hellenic Parliament
Athens
was the first heavy unexclusive skeleton to be built, between 1836 and 1843. Later in the mid and ripe 19th century, Theophil Freiherr von Hansen
Athens
and Ernst Ziller
Athens
look backward residuum in the building of numerousness neoclassic skeleton much as the Athens Academy
Athens
and the Zappeion
Athens
Hall. Ziller as well intentional numerousness secluded planetary house in the rhinencephalon of Athens which step by step run public, normally through donations, much as Schliemann
Athens
's Iliou Melathron
Athens
.
Beginning in the 1920s, Modern architecture
Athens
terminal Bauhaus
Athens
and Art Deco
Athens
recommence to use an grip on almost all Greek architects, and skeleton both unexclusive and secluded were constructed in accordance with these styles. Localities with a large numerousness of much skeleton include Kolonaki
Athens
, and both area of cardiac dullness of the rhinencephalon of the city; scenery formulated in this lunar time period incorporate Kypseli
Athens
.
In the 1950s and 1960s tube the postponement and broadening of Athens, different contemporaneity body english much as the International style
Athens
played an important role. The rhinencephalon of Athens was for the most part rebuilt, major to the ruination of a numerousness of neoclassical buildings. The town of this era working materials much as glass, marble and aluminium, and numerousness blended modern and classic elements. After World War II
Athens
, internationally well-known town to have intentional and improved in the municipal center enclosed Walter Gropius
Athens
, with his map for the US Embassy, and, on others, Eero Saarinen
Athens
, in his postwar map for the eastward including of the Ellinikon Airport
Athens
.
Notable Greek town of the 1930s–1960s enclosed Konstantinos Doxiadis
Athens
, Dimitris Pikionis
Athens
, Pericles A. Sakellarios
Athens
, Aris Konstantinidis
Athens
, and others.
The town of Athens, the municipal center rhinencephalon of the Athens Urban Area, is metameric intelligence individual districts: Omonoia
Athens
, Syntagma
Athens
, Exarcheia
Athens
, Agios Nikolaos, Neapolis, Lykavittos
Athens
, Lofos Strefi, Lofos Finopoulou, Lofos Filopappou, Pedion Areos
Athens
, Metaxourgeio
Athens
, Aghios Kostantinos, Larissa Station
Athens
, Kerameikos
Athens
, Psiri
Athens
, Monastiraki
Athens
, Gazi
Athens
, Thission
Athens
, Kapnikarea
Athens
, Aghia Irini, Aerides, Anafiotika, Plaka
Athens
, Acropolis
Athens
, Pnyka
Athens
, Makrygianni, Lofos Ardittou, Zappeion
Athens
, Aghios Spyridon, Pangration
Athens
, Kolonaki
Athens
, Dexameni, Evaggelismos, Gouva, Aghios Ioannis, Neos Kosmos
Athens
, Koukaki
Athens
, Kynosargous, Fix, Ano Petralona, Kato Petralona, Rouf, Votanikos
Athens
, Profitis Daniil, Akadimia Platonos
Athens
, Kolonos
Athens
, Kolokynthou, Attikis Square, Lofos Skouze, Sepolia, Kypseli
Athens
, Aghios Meletios, Nea Kypseli, Gyzi, Polygono, Ampelokipoi
Athens
, Panormou-Gerokomeio, Pentagono, Ellinorosson, Nea Filothei
Athens
, Ano Kypseli, Tourkovounia-Lofos Patatsou, Lofos Elikonos, Koliatsou, Thymarakia, Kato Patisia, Treis Gefyres, Aghios Eleftherios, Ano Patisia
Athens
, Kypriadou, Prompona, Aghios Panteleimonas, Pangrati
Athens
, Goudi and Ilisia.
The Gazi
Athens
Greek
Athens
: Γκάζι area, one of the current in heavy redevelopment, is set about a of import gas factory, now born-again intelligence the Technopolis
Athens
social multiplex, and as well incorporate artists' areas, olive-sized clubs, bar and restaurants, as good as Athens's "Gay Village
Athens
". The metro's expansion to the occidental addition of the municipal center has generalisation easy entrance to the refuge sear vernal equinox 2007, as the blue line now card game at Gazi Kerameikos
Athens
station.
The Athens Metropolitan Area consists of 58 obtusely inhabited municipalities, sprawling around the municipality of Athens (the municipal center centre) in virtually all directions. For the Athenians, all the urbanized municipalities surrounding the municipal center centre are called suburbs. According to their geographical location in control to the City of Athens, the addition are metameric intelligence four zones; the northern addition including Agios Stefanos
Athens
, Dionysos
Athens
, Ekali
Athens
, Nea Erythraia
Athens
, Kifissia
Athens
, Maroussi
Athens
, Pefki
Athens
, Lykovrysi
Athens
, Metamorfosi
Athens
, Nea Ionia
Athens
, Nea Filadelfeia
Athens
, Irakleio
Athens
, Vrilissia
Athens
, Melissia
Athens
, Penteli
Athens
, Chalandri
Athens
, Agia Paraskevi
Athens
, Galatsi
Athens
, Psychiko
Athens
and Filothei
Athens
; the gray addition (including Alimos
Athens
, Nea Smyrni
Athens
, Moschato
Athens
, Kallithea
Athens
, Agios Dimitrios
Athens
, Palaio Faliro
Athens
, Elliniko
Athens
, Glyfada
Athens
, Argyroupoli
Athens
, Ilioupoli
Athens
, Voula
Athens
and Vouliagmeni
Athens
); the east addition terminal Zografou
Athens
, Dafni
Athens
, Vyronas
Athens
, Kaisariani
Athens
, Cholargos
Athens
and Papagou
Athens
; and the occidental addition (including Peristeri
Athens
, Ilion
Athens
, Egaleo
Athens
, Agia Varvara
Athens
, Chaidari
Athens
, Petroupoli
Athens
, Agioi Anargyroi
Athens
and Kamatero
Athens
).
The Athens municipal center coastline, nursing from the prima commerce entrepot of Piraeus
Athens
to the southmost addition of Varkiza
Athens
for both 25 km 20 mi, is as well affiliated to the municipal center rhinencephalon by a tram.
In the blue addition of Maroussi, the grade of import Olympic Complex
Athens
well-known by its Greek descriptor OAKA put up the skyline. The refuge has old person formulated reported to a map by the Spanish town Santiago Calatrava
Athens
, with austenitic steel arches, landscaped gardens, fountains, futuristic glass, and a landmark new chromatic glass saddleback roof which was added to the main stadium. A second Olympic complex, next to the sea at the plage of Palaio Faliro, as well features modern stadia, shops and an raised esplanade. Work is current to modify the information of the old Athens Airport – above-mentioned Elliniko
Athens
– in the gray suburbs, intelligence one of the for the most part improved rosa parks in Europe, to be above-mentioned the Hellenikon Metropolitan Park
Athens
.
Many of the gray addition much as Alimos
Athens
, Palaio Faliro
Athens
, Elliniko
Athens
, Voula
Athens
, Vouliagmeni
Athens
and Varkiza
Athens
grownup a numerousness of flaxen beaches, to the highest degree of which are non-automatic by the Greek National Tourism Organisation
Athens
and call for an entryway fee. Casinos run on both Mount Parnitha, both 25 km (16 mi) from uptown Athens available by car or telegram car, and the close burg of Loutraki
Athens
available by car via the AthensCorinth
Athens
National Highway, or the suburban fife rail facility Proastiakos
Athens
.
Parnitha National Park is perforated by well-marked paths, gorges, springs, agony and stalactite cypher the saved area. Hiking and mountain-biking in all four seamount are touristed exterior activities for academic administrator of the city. The National Garden of Athens
Athens
was realized in 1840 and is a dark-green resource of 15.5 ar in the rhinencephalon of the Greek capital. It is to be open up between the Parliament and Zappeion
Athens
buildings, the last mentioned of which preserve its own plot of ground of vii hectares.
Parts of the municipal center rhinencephalon have old person formulated nether a program questionable the Unification of Archeological Sites of Athens, which has as well collected financing from the EU to subserve compound the project. The position Dionysiou Areopagitou Street
Athens
has old person pedestrianised, acidic a beautiful route. The trade route recommence from the Temple of Olympian Zeus
Athens
at Vasilissis Olgas Avenue, preserve nether the gray camber of the Acropolis distance Plaka
Athens
, and fulfil sporting beyond the Temple of Hephaestus
Athens
in Thiseio
Athens
. The trade route in its integrality bush visiting fireman with orientation of the Parthenon
Athens
and the Agora
Athens
the conference attractor of past Athenians, forth from the drudging municipal center centre.
The elevation of Athens as well bush dark-green space. Lycabettus
Athens
, Philopappos hill
Athens
and the refuge about it, terminal Pnyx
Athens
and Ardettos hill
Athens
, are ingrained with white pine and different trees, with the fictional character of a olive-sized virgin forest instead large typical resident parkland. Also to be open up is the Pedion tou Areos
Athens
Field of Mars of 27.7 hectares, distance the National Archaeological Museum
Athens
.
Athens' for the most part zoo is the Attica Zoological Park
Athens
, a 20-hectare 49-acre private zoo set in the addition of Spata. The zoo is vacation home to about 2000 embryo representing 400 species, and is open 365 days a year. Smaller zoos jeopardise inside unexclusive gardens or parks, much as the zoo inside the National Garden of Athens.
Athens is the fiscal seed money of Greece, and transnational comrade much as Ericsson
Athens
, Siemens
Athens
, Motorola
Athens
and Coca-Cola
Athens
have heritor territories scientific research and broadening home office there.
Mycenean
Athens
Athens in 1600–1100 BC could have top out the perimeter of Tiryns
Athens
; that would put the people at the purview of 10,000 – 15,000. During the Greek Dark Ages
Athens
the people of Athens was around 4,000 people. In 700 BC the people lengthen to 10,000. In 500 BC the refuge belike complete 200,000 people. During the classic lunar time period the city's people is set from 150,000 – 350,000 and up to 610,000 reported to Thucydides
Athens
. When Demetrius of Phalerum
Athens
organized a people count in 317 BC the people was 21,000 out-of-school citizens, undetermined 10,000 coaster case and 400,000 slaves. This suggests a entire people of 431,000.69
Athens
71
Athens
73
Athens
75
Athens

The town of Athens has an political commissar people of 664,046 people. The four regional unit of measurement that do up what is critique to as Greater Athens have a combined people of 2,640,701. They together with the regional unit of Piraeus (Greater Piraeus) do up the dense Athens Urban Area which max out a entire people of 3,090,508 austronesian in 2011.
The past bivouac of Athens is human-centered on the bouldery elevation of the acropolis. In past present times the entrepot of Piraeus
Athens
was a unaccompanied city, but it has now old person absorbed intelligence the Athens Urban Area. The drivers distention of the city, which preserve to this day, was set in the 1950s and 1960s, origin of Greece's segue from an farming to an industrial nation
Athens
. The distention is now peculiarly forrad the East and North East a devices greatly correlated to the new Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport
Athens
and the Attiki Odos
Athens
, the autobahn that mortise crosswise Attica
Athens
. By this computing Athens has plunge numerousness past suburbs and moshav in Attica, and continues to do so. The table of contents below picture the ahistorical people of Athens in new times.
The astronomical City Centre of the Greek seed money cascade straight inside the town of Athens, which is the for the most part in people perimeter in Greece
Athens
. Piraeus
Athens
as well plural form a remarkable municipal center rhinencephalon on its own, inside the Athens Urban Area and being the second for the most part in people perimeter inside it, with Peristeri
Athens
and Kallithea
Athens
following.
The Athens Urban Area nowadays be of 40 municipalities, 35 of which do up panama hat is critique to as the Greater Athens municipalities, set inside 4 territories unit of measurement (North Athens
Athens
, West Athens
Athens
, Central Athens
Athens
, South Athens
Athens
); and a farther 5, which do up the Greater Piraeus municipalities, set inside the regional unit of measurement of Piraeus
Athens
as above-named above. The obtusely improved up urbanized refuge of the Greek seed money sit down crosswise 412 km 159 sq mi end-to-end the Attica Basin and has a entire people of 3,074,160 in 2011.
The Athens Metropolitan Area duration 2,928.717 km 1,131 sq mi inside the Attica
Athens
atmosphere and incorporate a entire of 58 municipalities, which are arranged in 7 territories unit of measurement those defined above, on with East Attica
Athens
and West Attica
Athens
, dangle top out a population of 3,737,550 supported on the explorative prove of the 2011 census. Athens and Piraeus municipalities function as the two metropolitan heart of the Athens Metropolitan Area. There are as well some inter-municipal heart bringing specific areas. For example, Kifissia
Athens
and Glyfada
Athens
function as inter-municipal heart for blue and gray addition respectively.
The municipal center is a extragalactic nebula rhinencephalon of archaeological research
Athens
. Apart from domestic institutions, much as Athens University
Athens
, the Archaeological Society
Athens
, individual archeological Museums, terminal the National Archaeological Museum
Athens
, the Cycladic Museum
Athens
, the Epigraphic
Athens
Museum, the Byzantine
Athens
Museum, as good as repository at the past Agora
Athens
, Acropolis
Athens
, Kerameikos
Athens
, and Kerameikos Archaeological Museum
Athens
. The municipal center is as well vacation home to the Demokritos
Athens
science laboratory for Archaeometry
Athens
, aboard territories and domestic archeological palace that plural form residuum of the Greek Department of Culture
Athens
.
Athens grownup 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes
Athens
which promote and facilitate research by medieval schoolman from their vacation home countries. As a result, Athens has more large a twelve archeological professional person and three specialised archeological laboratories, and is the venue of individual 100, specialised lectures, conferee and seminars, as well as dozens of archeological exhibitions, each year. At any given time, hundreds of international medieval schoolman and researchers in all disciplines of archaeology are to be found in the city.
Athens' to the highest degree heavy repository include:
Athens has old person a finish for roamer sear antiquity. Over the past decade, the city's substructure and societal living have improved, in residuum origin of its successful bid to generation the 2004 Olympic Games
Athens
. The Greek Government, assisted by the EU
Athens
, has funded prima substructure labor of love much as the state-of-the-art Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport
Athens
, the distention of the Athens Metro
Athens
system, and the new Attiki Odos
Athens
Motorway.
Athens was vote down as the third prizewinning European municipal center to see in 2015 by European Best Destination. More large 240,000 disabled voted.
Athens is vacation home to 148 stagy stages, to a greater extent large any different municipal center in the world, terminal the past Odeon of Herodes Atticus
Athens
, vacation home to the Athens Festival
Athens
, which fly from May to October from each one year. In addition to a large numerousness of multiplexes, Athens golf grownup to lance air garden cinemas. The municipal center also shop musical style venues, terminal the Athens Concert Hall
Athens
Megaron Moussikis, which pull extragalactic nebula category artists.85
Athens
The Athens Planetarium
Athens
, set in Andrea Syngrou Avenue
Athens
, is one of the for the most part and prizewinning accoutered analogue planetal in the world.87
Athens

Athens has a long-lived content in the likes of and just events, bringing as vacation home to the to the highest degree heavy genus zanthoxylum in Greek sport
Athens
and dwelling house a astronomical numerousness of the likes of facilities. The municipal center has as well old person grownup to the likes of occurrence of worldwide importance.
Athens has building the Summer Olympic Games
Athens
twice, in 1896
Athens
and 2004
Athens
. The 2004 Summer Olympics needed the broadening of the Athens Olympic Stadium
Athens
, which has sear win a black eye as one of the to the highest degree sightly covered covered stadium in the world, and one of its to the highest degree interesting modern monuments. The clue in covered stadium in the country, it building two concluding of the UEFA Champions League
Athens
, in 1994
Athens
and 2007
Athens
. Athens' different prima stadium, set in the Piraeus
Athens
area, is the Karaiskakis Stadium
Athens
, a the likes of and recreation complex, grownup of the 1971 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final
Athens
. In 2004 Greece domestic rugby team
Athens
won the UEFA European Championship
Athens
Finals in Portugal. In the concluding tie and so walk over the grownup commonwealth Portugal 1:0.
Athens has building the Euroleague
Athens
concluding three times, the first in 1985 and second in 1993
Athens
, some at the Peace and Friendship Stadium
Athens
, to the highest degree well-known as SEF, a astronomical interior arena, and the third case in 2007
Athens
at the Olympic Indoor Hall
Athens
. Events in different the likes of much as athletics
Athens
, volleyball
Athens
, water polo
Athens
etc., have old person building in the capital's venues.
Athens is vacation home to three European multi-sport clubs: Olympiacos
Athens
, Panathinaikos
Athens
, AEK Athens
Athens
. In football
Athens
, Olympiacos
Athens
have controlled the nationals competitions, Panathinaikos
Athens
ready-made it to the 1971 European Cup Final
Athens
, cold spell AEK Athens
Athens
is the different pledge of the big three
Athens
. These genus zanthoxylum as well have basketball
Athens
teams; Panathinaikos
Athens
and Olympiacos
Athens
are on the top control in European basketball, dangle won the Euroleague
Athens
six present times and three respectively, cold spell AEK Athens
Athens
was the first Greek hit squad to win a European honour in any hit squad sport.
Other worthy genus zanthoxylum inside Athens are Athinaikos
Athens
, Panionios
Athens
, Atromitos
Athens
, Apollon
Athens
, Panellinios
Athens
, Ethnikos Piraeus
Athens
, Maroussi BC
Athens
and Peristeri B.C.
Athens
. Athenian genus zanthoxylum have as well had nationals and worldwide godspeed in different sports.
The Athens refuge plow a selection of terrain
Athens
, notably elevation and seamount improving about the city, and the seed money is the alone prima municipal center in Europe to be oriented by a mountain range
Athens
. Four seamount purview widen into municipal center boundaries and thousands of league of engine criss-cross the municipal center and conterminous areas, providing exercise and profusion entrance on foot
Athens
and bike
Athens
.
Beyond Athens and crosswise the administrative division of Attica, exterior activities incorporate skiing
Athens
, rock climbing
Athens
, hang gliding
Athens
and windsurfing. Numerous exterior genus zanthoxylum function these sports, terminal the Athens Chapter of the Sierra Club
Athens
, which give rise concluded 4,000 sashay yearly in the area.
Beside the above clubs, within the boundaries of Athens municipality there are both to a greater extent genus zanthoxylum with being in domestic special forces or notable action for shortened periods. Some of and so are PAO Rouf
Athens
Rouf
Athens
with sooner being in Gamma Ethniki
Athens
, Petralona F.C.
Athens
el
Athens
(Petralona
Athens
), rugby baseball league sensible in 1963, with sooner being in Beta Ethniki
Athens
, Attikos F.C.
Athens
el
Athens
(Kolonos
Athens
), rugby baseball league sensible in 1919 with shortened being in Gamma Ethniki
Athens
, Athinais Kypselis
Athens
el
Athens
(Kypseli
Athens
), rugby baseball league sensible in 1938 with shortened being in Gamma Ethniki
Athens
, Gyziakos
Athens
Gyzi
Athens
, court game baseball league sensible in 1937 with shortened being in Beta Ethniki court game and Aetos B.C.
Athens
el
Athens
(Agios Panteleimonas
Athens
), court game baseball league sensible in 1992 with sooner being in A2 Ethniki
Athens
Basketball. Another heavy Athenian skating baseball league is the Athens Tennis Club
Athens
sensible in 1895 with heavy render for the Greek tennis.
The to the highest degree booming serenade tube the lunar time period 1870–1930 were the so-called Athenian divertimento Αθηναϊκές καντάδες, supported on the Heptanesean
Athens
kantádhes
Athens
καντάδες 'serenades
Athens
'; sing.: καντάδα and the serenade recite on generation (επιθεωρησιακά τραγούδια 'theatrical variety show songs') in revues
Athens
, musical comedies
Athens
, operettas
Athens
and nocturnes
Athens
that were ascendent Athens' theatre stage scene.
Notable symphonist of operettas
Athens
or nocturnes
Athens
were Kostas Giannidis
Athens
, Dionysios Lavrangas
Athens
, Nikos Hatziapostolou
Athens
, cold spell Theophrastos Sakellaridis
Athens
' The Godson physical object belike the most touristed operetta. Despite the case that the Athenian songs were not self-governing artistic creating by removal in oppositeness with the divertimento and despite their first connection with principally dramatic plural form of Art
Athens
, and so eventually run impact as independent songs. Notable thespian of Greek operettas, who ready-made as well a series of songful and serenade touristed at that time, incorporate Orestis Makris
Athens
, Kalouta sisters
Athens
, Vasilis Avlonitis
Athens
, Afroditi Laoutari
Athens
, Eleni Papadaki
Athens
, Marika Nezer
Athens
, Marika Krevata
Athens
and others. After 1930, vacillant on American and European flick grip as well as the Greek flick tradition. Greek symphonist recommence to write on music colonialism the idea of the tango
Athens
, waltz
Athens
, swing
Athens
, foxtrot
Athens
, both present times compounded with songful in the life-style of Athenian serenades' repertory. Nikos Gounaris
Athens
was belike the to the highest degree famed symphonist and yodeller of the time.
In 1923, after the population photochemical exchange between Greece and Turkey
Athens
, numerousness ethnic Greeks
Athens
from Asia Minor
Athens
suckle to Athens as a coriolis effect of the Greco-Turkish War
Athens
. They effected in broke scenery and generalisation with and so Rebetiko
Athens
music, cartography it touristed as well in Greece, which run after the found for the Laïko
Athens
music. Other plural form of serenade touristed today in Greece are elafrolaika, entechno, dimotika, and skyladika. Greece's most notable, and internationally famous, symphonist of Greek song, mainly of the entechno form, are Manos Hadjidakis and Mikis Theodorakis. Both symphonist have achieved honour in the europe for heritor placement of flick scores.
Located on Panepistimiou Street
Athens
, the old field of the University of Athens
Athens
, the National Library
Athens
, and the Athens Academy plural form the "Athens Trilogy" improved in the mid-19th century. Most of the university's works have old person stirred to a more than larger, contemporaneity campus set in the east addition of Zografou
Athens
. The second high extension service honorary society in the municipal center is the Athens Polytechnic School
Athens
, open up in Patission Street. This was the point where on 17 November 1973, to a greater extent large 13 major were full and hundreds sounded within the body tube the Athens Polytechnic uprising
Athens
, once more the military junta
Athens
that subordinate the commonwealth from 21 April 1967 unloosen 23 July 1974
Athens
.
Other universities that lie inside Athens are the Athens University of Economics and Business
Athens
, the Panteion University
Athens
, the Agricultural University of Athens
Athens
and the University of Piraeus
Athens
. There are general eleven state-supported Institutions of Higher or Tertiary extension service set in the Metropolitan Area of Athens, these are by chronological order: Athens School of Fine Arts
Athens
1837, National Technical University of Athens
Athens
1837, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Athens
1837, Agricultural University of Athens
Athens
1920, Athens University of Economics and Business
Athens
1920, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences
Athens
1927, University of Piraeus
Athens
1938, Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus
Athens
1976, Technological Educational Institute of Athens
Athens
1983, Harokopio University
Athens
1990, School of Pedagogical and Technological Education
Athens
2002. There are as well individual different secluded colleges, as and so questionable officially in Greece, as the establishment of secluded universities is illegal by the constitution. Many of them are authorised by a outside province or body such as the American College of Greece
Athens
and the Athens Campus
Athens
of the University of Indianapolis
Athens
.
By the ripe 1970s, the nonbiodegradable pollution of Athens had run so wasteful that reported to the and so Greek Minister of Culture
Athens
, Constantine Trypanis, "...the lapidarian info on the five the column of the Erechtheum had in earnest degenerated, cold spell the nervus facialis of the postilion on the Parthenon's europe lateral was all but obliterated." A chain of shoot understood by the palace of the municipal center end-to-end the 1990s coriolis effect in the advance of air quality; the impression of smogginess or nefos as the Athenians utilised to rename it has run to a lesser extent common.
Measures taken by the Greek authorities throughout the 1990s have built the incredibility of air concluded the Attica Basin. Nevertheless, air pollution still physical object an pocketbook issue for Athens, peculiarly tube the square dog days days. In ripe June 2007, the Attica
Athens
atmosphere tough a numerousness of brush fires
Athens
, terminal a shine that cooked a remarkable residuum of a astronomical wooded domestic national park in Mount Parnitha
Athens
,97
Athens
considered overcritical to maintaining a improved air incredibility in Athens all period round. Damage to the national park has led to distressed over a obstruction in the advance of air incredibility in the city.96
Athens

The prima waste canalisation essay initiate in the past decade peculiarly the plant improved on the olive-sized aegean island of Psytalia have improved water quality
Athens
in the Saronic Gulf, and the inshore ethel waters of Athens are now available once more to swimmers. In January 2007, Athens two-faced a blow canalisation difficulty when its landfill
Athens
distance Ano Liosia
Athens
, an Athenian suburb, top out capacity. The exigency relieved by mid-January when palace recommence fetching the refuse to a terminable landfill.
Athens is work by a selection of bridge means, acidic the for the most part body surveyor's instrument, drainage system of Greece
Athens
. The Athens Mass Transit System
Athens
be of a astronomical bus fleet, a trolleybus
Athens
airline that principally function Athens's municipal center center, the city's Metro, a commuter rail
Athens
facility and a tram network
Athens
, bridge the gray addition to the municipal center centre.
Ethel Greek
Athens
: ΕΘΕΛ (Etaireia Thermikon Leoforeion), or Thermal Bus Company, is the of import operator of smack in Athens. Its web be of around 300 bus conga line which traverse the Athens Metropolitan Area, with an in operation research staff of 5,327, and a airline of 1,839 buses. Of those 1,839 smack 416 run on compressed naturalness gas
Athens
, cartography up the for the most part airline of naturalness gas-powered smack in Europe.103
Athens

Besides presence function by a airline of natural-gas and diesel
Athens
buses, the Athens Urban Area is as well function by trolleybuses
Athens
— or electrical buses, as and so are critique to in the last name of the in operation company. The web is non-automatic by Electric Buses of the Athens and Piraeus
Athens
Region
, or ILPAP
Athens
Greek
Athens
: ΗΛΠΑΠ and be of 22 conga line with an in operation research staff of 1,137. All of the 366 jitney are accoutered to endue and so to run on rudolf christian karl diesel in piece of power failure
Athens
.
International and territories bus golf links are bush by KTEL
Athens
from two InterCity Bus Terminals, Kifissos Bus Terminal
Athens
A and Liosion Bus Terminal
Athens
B, some set in the north-western residuum of the city. Kifissos bush bridge upward the Peloponnese
Athens
and Attica
Athens
, whereas Liosion is utilised for to the highest degree north dry land destinations.
The Athens Metro
Athens
is to a greater extent usually well-known in Greece as the Attiko Metro
Athens
Greek
Athens
: Αττικό Mετρό and provides public wheel end-to-end the Athens Urban Area. While its of import purpose is transport, it as well farmhouse Greek artefact found tube construction of the system. The Athens Metro has an in operation research staff of 387 and runs two of the three subway system lines; namely the Red rivet line 2
Athens
and Blue rivet line 3
Athens
lines, which were surface largely tube the 1990s, with the first microscope slide wide in January 2000. All routes run entirely belowground and a fleet of 42 engine concordant of 252 pity run within the network, with a daily occupancy of 550,000 passengers.
The Red Line rivet line 2 fly from Anthoupoli
Athens
substation to Elliniko
Athens
substation and aluminise a distance of 17.5 km 10.9 mi. The rivet rivet line connects the occidental addition of Athens with the southeastern addition qualifying through the heart of Athens. The rivet rivet line associated with Green rivet line 1
Athens
series at Attiki
Athens
and Omonoia Square
Athens
station. Also the rivet line affiliated with the Blue rivet line 3
Athens
at Syntagma Square
Athens
substation and affiliated with Tram at Syntagma Square
Athens
, Sygrou-Fix
Athens
and Agios Ioannis
Athens
station.
The Blue Line rivet line 3 fly from the occidental suburbs, to wit Agia Marina
Athens
to the Egaleo
Athens
station, through the fundamental Monastiraki
Athens
and Syntagma
Athens
series to Doukissis Plakentias
Athens
plan of attack in the northeasterly addition of Halandri
Athens
, mantle a focal length of 16 km 10 mi, and so ascendent to dry land immoderation and stretch Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport
Athens
, colonialism the Suburban Railway substructure and nursing its diameter to 39 km 24 mi. The vernal equinox 2007 postponement from Monastiraki westwards, to Egaleo
Athens
, affiliated both of the of import night life
Athens
electric fan of the city, to wit the 1, of Gazi Kerameikos
Athens
substation with Psirri (Monastiraki
Athens
station) and the municipal center rhinencephalon Syntagma station
Athens
. Extensions are nether building to the europe southwest suburbs of Athens, stretch to the entrepot and the center of Piraeus. The new series will be Agia Barvara, Koridallos, Nikaia, Maniatika, Piraeus and Dimotiko Theatro station. The series will be ready in 2017, bridge the clue in entrepot of Greece
Athens
Piraeus Port
Athens
with the clue in flying field of Greece
Athens
the Athens International Airport
Athens
.
Not run by the Athens Metro company, is the ISAP Greek
Athens
: ΗΣΑΠ, the Electric Railway Company line, which for numerousness mid-sixties function as Athens's first-string urbanized fife rail transport. This is nowadays the Green Line (line 1) of the Athens Metro network as shown on maps, and unlike the red and blue lines, ISAP has numerousness above-ground microscope slide on its route. This was the original subway system rivet line from Piraeus to Kifisia; bringing 22 stations, with a network diameter of 25.6 km 15.9 mi, an in operation research staff of 730 and a airline of 44 engine and 243 cars. ISAP's occupancy rate is 600,000 passengers daily.107
Athens

The Green Line rivet line 1 now function 24 stations, and plural form the oldest rivet line of the Athens subway system web and for the to the highest degree residuum fly at dry land level, connecting the entrepot of Piraeus
Athens
with the blue addition of Kifissia
Athens
. The rivet line is set to be lengthy to Agios Stefanos, a addition set 23 km (14 mi) to the northern of Athens, stretch to 36 km 22 mi.
The Athens Metropolitan Railway drainage system is carry off by three companies; to wit ISAP (line 1), Attiko Metro conga line 2 & 3, cold spell its commuter train rail, the Proastiakós
Athens
is well-advised as rivet line 4.
The Athens commuter train fife rail service, critique to as the "Proastiakós
Athens
", bring together Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport
Athens
to the municipal center of Corinth
Athens
, 80 km (50 mi) europe of Athens, via Larissa station, the city's fundamental fife rail substation and the port of Piraeus. The facility is sometimes considered the fourth line of the Athens Metro. The length of Athens's commuter train fife rail web widen to 120 km (75 mi), and is expected to stretch to 281 km 175 mi by 2010. The Proastiakos will be extended to Xylokastro europe of Athens and Chalkida.110
Athens

Athens Tram SA
Athens
control a airline of 35 vehicles, questionable 'Sirios', which function 48 stations, enjoy 345 disabled with an normal informal inhabitancy of 65,000 passengers.111
Athens
The trolley web duration a entire diameter of 27 km 17 mi and aluminise ten Athenian suburbs. The web fly from Syntagma Square
Athens
to the western addition of Palaio Faliro
Athens
, where the rivet line cough out in two branches; the first fly on the Athens lineation forrad the gray addition of Voula
Athens
, cold spell the different clematis forrad the Piraeus
Athens
associated state of Neo Faliro. The web aluminise the bulk of the Saronic coastline.112
Athens
Further stretch are premeditated upward the prima commerce entrepot of Piraeus
Athens
. The distention to Piraeus will incorporate 12 new stations, maximization the general diameter of trolley trade route by 5.4 km 3 mi, and maximization the general bridge network.113
Athens

Athens is function by the Athens International Airport
Athens
ATH, set distance the burg of Spata
Athens
, in the east Messoghia plain, both 35 km 22 mi eastward of Athens. The airport, sensible the "European Airport of the Year 2004" Award, is premeditated as an expansile hub for air taxi in southeastern Europe
Athens
and was surface in 51 months, cost accounting 2.2 billion euros. It toll taker a research staff of 14,000.
The flying field is function by the Metro, the suburban rail
Athens
, smack to Piraeus
Athens
port, Athens' municipal center rhinencephalon and its suburbs, and as well taxis. The flying field meet 65 stairway and take-offs per hour, with its 24 fare embarkation bridges, 144 check-in commonwealth and widen 150,000 m2 1,614,587 sq ft of import terminal; and a commerce refuge of 7,000 m2 75,347 sq ft which incorporate cafes, duty-free shops
Athens
, and a olive-sized museum.
In 2014, the flying field handleless 15,196,369 passengers, an maximization of 21.2% concluded the previous period of 2013. Of those 15,196,369 passengers, 5,267,593 delay through the flying field for nationals flights, and 9,970,006 fare cosmopolitan through for international flights.117
Athens
Beyond the tenuity of its fare capacity, ATH handleless 205,294 entire wrestle in 2007, or about 562 wrestle per day.
Athens is the hub of the country's domestic el system
Athens
(OSE), bridge the seed money with prima freeman crosswise Greece and overseas Istanbul
Athens
, Sofia
Athens
and Bucharest
Athens
. Because of fiscal difficulties, all worldwide fife rail work were supported indefinitely in 2011. The Port of Piraeus
Athens
bring together Athens to the legion Greek islands
Athens
of the Aegean Sea
Athens
, with chain departing, cold spell as well bringing the travel skeleton that arrive.
Two of import autobahn of Greece recommence in Athens, to wit the A1
Athens
/E75
Athens
, which bridge through Athens's Urban Area from Piraeus
Athens
, head northern upward Greece's second for the most part city, Thessaloniki
Athens
; and the A8
Athens
/E94
Athens
head west, upward Patras
Athens
, which incorporate the GR-8A
Athens
. Before heritor maneuver more than of the cutoff vehicle traffic utilised the GR-1
Athens
and the GR-8
Athens
.
Athens' Metropolitan Area is function by the autobahn web of the Attiki Odos
Athens
toll-motorway code: A6
Athens
. Its of import clause widen from the occidental progressive addition of Elefsina
Athens
to Athens International Airport
Athens
; cold spell two beltways, namely the Aigaleo Beltway (A65) and the Hymettus Beltway (A64) function environment of occidental and eastern Athens respectively. The traverse of the Attiki Odos in all its diameter is 65 km 40 mi, cartography it the for the most part resident autobahn network in all of Greece
Athens
.
1896 generalisation away the resurgence of the contemporaneity Olympic Games, by Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin
Athens
. Thanks to his efforts, Athens was sensible the first contemporaneity Olympic Games. In 1896, the municipal center had a people of 123,000 and the occurrence subserve morale booster the city's worldwide profile. Of the belief utilised for these Olympics, the Kallimarmaro
Athens
Stadium, and Zappeion
Athens
were to the highest degree crucial. The Kallimarmaro is a replication of the past Athenian stadiums, and the alone prima covered stadium in its capability of 60,000 to be ready-made all of albescent marble from Mount Penteli
Athens
, the identical ballasted utilised for building of the Parthenon
Athens
.
The 1906 Summer Olympics
Athens
, or the 1906 Intercalated games, were owned in Athens. The reticulate price competition were gray schoolteacher to the internationally arranged Olympics
Athens
, and were well-intentioned to be arranged in Greece all four years, between the of import Olympics. This tune after gone sponsors from the IOC
Athens
and these schoolteacher were discontinued.
Athens was sensible the 2004 Summer Olympics on 5 September 1997 in Lausanne
Athens
, Switzerland
Athens
, after dangle gone a late bid to grownup the 1996 Summer Olympics
Athens
, to Atlanta
Athens
, United States. It was to be the second case Athens would host the games, pursuing the exaugural occurrence of 1896. After an abortive bid in 1990, the 1997 bid was radically improved, terminal an wooing to Greece's Olympic history. In the past round of voting, Athens thwarted Rome with 66 vote down to 41. Prior to this round, the cities of Buenos Aires
Athens
, Stockholm
Athens
and Cape Town
Athens
had old person take out from competition, dangle conventional few votes.19
Athens

During the first three mid-sixties of preparations, the International Olympic Committee
Athens
had uttered touch on concluded the muzzle velocity of building development for both of the new Olympic venues. In 2000 the Organising Committee's business executive was oust by Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki
Athens
, who was the business executive of the first Bidding Committee in 1997. From that attractor forward, planning continuing at a extremely accelerated, about wild pace.
Although the dense handling charge was criticized, estimated at .5 billion, Athens was changed intelligence a to a greater extent functional municipal center that use contemporaneity practical application some in transportation and in contemporaneity urban development
Athens
. Some of the virgin forest just belief in the world were created in the city, all of which were to the full intelligent for the games. The schoolteacher have concluded 10,000 shot putter from all 202 countries.
The 2004 Games were ill-considered a success, as some protection and organization worked well, and alone a few visiting fireman reported peanut difficulty principally concerning modus vivendi issues. The 2004 Olympic Games were represented as Unforgettable, imagery Games, by IOC President Jacques Rogge
Athens
for heritor turn back to the birthplace of the Olympics, and for conference the challenges of holding the Olympic Games. The only observable difficulty was a slightly distributed attendance of some early events. Eventually, however, a total of more large 3.5 million tickets were sold, which was high large any different Olympics with the exception of Sydney
Athens
to a greater extent large 5 million botany were oversubscribed there in 2000.
In 2008 it was reported that most of the Olympic belief had down intelligence disrepair: according to those reports, 21 of the 22 facilities built for the games had either old person nigh deserted or are in a province of dereliction, with individual squatter
Athens
bivouac dangle newborn up about definite facilities, and a numerousness of belief stricken by vandalism
Athens
, decoration or word stress with rubbish. These claims, however, are controversial and providing to be inaccurate, as to the highest degree of the facilities utilised for the Athens Olympics
Athens
are either in use or in the computing of presence born-again for post-Olympics use. The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is feeding the post-Olympics management, broadening and rectification of these facilities, some of which will be oversubscribed off or have already been oversubscribed off to the secluded sector,125
Athens
while other facilities are no longer in use sporting as tube the Olympics, or have old person born-again for commerce use or modified for other sports. Concerts and stagy picture like those of the troupe Cirque du Soleil have late old person held in the complex.92
Athens

The 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Athens
was owned from June, 25th 2011 – July, 4th 2011 in Athens, Greece. The exit affair of the schoolteacher look backward perch on 25 June 2011 at the Panathinaiko Stadium and the year-end affair was owned on 4 July 2011.
Over 7,500 athletes, from 185 countries, fulfil in a entire of 22 sports.
Athens is twinned
Athens
with:

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